Download e-book for iPad: 2012 Smart Grid System Report to Congress - Smart Electric by U.S. Government,Department of Energy,Office of Electricity
By U.S. Government,Department of Energy,Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
Contents: government precis * Acronyms and Abbreviations * 1.0 advent * 1.1 goals * 1.2 Scope of a wise Grid * 1.3 Stakeholder panorama * 1.4 local affects * 1.5 what is New during this record * 1.6 approximately This rfile * 2.0 Deployment Metrics and Measurements * 2.1 clever Grid Metrics * 2.2 shrewdpermanent Grid features * 2.3 Mapping Metrics to features * 3.0 Deployment traits and Projections * 3.1 allows expert Participation by means of shoppers * 3.1.1 Grid-Enabled Bi-Directional verbal exchange and effort Flows * 3.1.2 coping with provide and insist * 3.2 Accommodating All new release and garage innovations * 3.2.1 disbursed new release and garage * 3.2.2 general Distributed-Resource Connection coverage * 3.3 permits New items, companies, and Markets * 3.3.1 allowing New services and products * 3.3.2 permitting New Markets * 3.4 presents energy caliber for the diversity of wishes * the price of negative strength caliber * shrewdpermanent Grid ideas to energy caliber matters * 3.5 Optimizing Asset usage & working potency * 3.5.1 Bulk new release * 3.5.2 supply Infrastructure * 3.5.3 dispensed strength assets * 3.5.4 total method potency * 3.6 Operates Resiliently to Disturbances, assaults, & usual mess ups * 3.6.1 region, local, nationwide Coordination * 3.6.2 DER reaction Metrics * 3.6.3 supply Infrastructure Metrics * 3.6.4 safe details Networks * 4.0 demanding situations to Deployment * 4.1 Technical demanding situations * 4.2 enterprise and fiscal demanding situations * 5.0 concepts for destiny experiences * 6.0 Conclusions * 6.1 growth in the direction of understanding the features of the fashionable Grid * 6.2 demanding situations to shrewdpermanent Grid Deployments * 6.3 concepts for destiny experiences * 7.0 References.
Significant demanding situations to knowing shrewdpermanent grid services persist. most well known between those are the demanding situations tied to the price proposition and the capital required to buy the recent applied sciences anticipated for speaking info among end-users, strength services, and distribution and transmission prone. those and different demanding situations are explored during this report.
The DOE states: Our present electrical grid used to be in-built the Nineties and better upon as expertise complex via every one decade. this present day, it comprises greater than 9,200 electrical producing devices with greater than 1 million megawatts of producing means hooked up to greater than 300,000 miles of transmission traces. even supposing the electrical grid is taken into account an engineering surprise, we're stretching its patchwork nature to its skill. to maneuver ahead, we'd like a brand new type of electrical grid, one who is equipped from the ground as much as deal with the groundswell of electronic and automatic gear and know-how depending on it—and one who can automate and deal with the expanding complexity and desires of electrical energy within the twenty first Century.
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2012 Smart Grid System Report to Congress - Smart Electric Meters, Renewables Integration, Electric Cars and Vehicles, Transmission Automation, Grants and Programs, Cyber Security, Energy Efficiency by U.S. Government,Department of Energy,Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability